Published at Monday, February 11th, 2019 - 14:03:47 PM. House. By .
Japanese Housing Conditions : In Japan, land price is expensive and housing conditions regarding its rent and size are not good compared to other countries. Accommodation is a very serious problem even for the Japanese particularly in urban areas, which lack spacious and low cost housing. 1. Japanese rental housing In Japan there is both public housing and private housing. Apartments make up the majority of rental housing. a) Public housing Public housing is provided by official organizations such as prefectural, city, and town governments, and housing supply corporations. Any non-Japanese who has an alien registration can apply for this kind of housing regardless of nationality. There are two types of housing: Koei Jutaku (public housing) is for people who have a low income; and Tokutei Yuryo Chintai Jutaku (delux family housing) and Kosha/Kodan Jutaku (Public Corporation housing) for those with a middle-class income. These apartments provide a certain level of facilities at relatively low rent. It is necessary to pay two to three months rent as a deposit (guarantee money) at your tenancy, but key money which is necessary for private housing is not required. However, qualifications such as income are precisely determined, and only those who satisfy these qualifications can apply. As there are many applicants, the tenants are determined by lottery. After moving in, the tenants must comply with the regulations for use (i.e. nobody is allowed to live together with the tenants without permission). This type of housing is mainly apartments, which generally include kitchen, bath, and oshiire (closet), with one to four rooms. b) Private rental housing Private rental housing is owned by individuals and private companies. The type varies in rent and size. 1. Aparto (Apartment) These are mainly two-story buildings constructed from light-weight steel, wood, or mortar, and house 4 to 8 households. Some of them share a toilet and/or have no bath. 2. Mansion (Apartment) In Japan, housing which is bigger than an Aparto and built with reinforced concrete is called a Mansion. The insulation is better than an Aparto, and privacy is better. Some have a custodian living on the first floor or others have an underground parking lot. 3. Detached house Detached houses have recently been designed using a mixture of Japanese and Western styles. Some of them have a garden. There are several rental houses designed especially for non-Japanese but not many. 2. Typical housing size and floor plan The area is indicated in square meters (m2) as well as original Japanese units, jo and tsubo. One jo means one tatami mat, and is roughly 180 cm x 90 cm. (Tatami is a unique Japanese floor covering). One tsubo is 182 cm x 182 cm or about 3.3m2 and equals approximately two jo. There are Japanese-style and Western-style rooms. A Japanese-style room has tatami mats and a Western-style room has flooring or a carpeted floor. Below is a typical Japanese housing floor plan. • K, DK, LDK - K means kitchen, D means dining room and L means living room. K means only a kitchen and DK means a dining room plus kitchen, and LDK means a room which has the function of a living room as well as dining room and kitchen. Therefore, 2DK means a house which has two rooms in addition to a room having the function of kitchen and dining room. • UB - UB means unit bath (unified formation bathroom), which includes bathtub, toilet and washbowl. • Oshiire (closet) - This means a storage space in a Japanese-style room. • PS - This means a pipe space containing drainpipes and wiring conduits. • MB - This means the meter box for water and gas. Floor plan for One-room Mansions (one-room apartments) (Example) Facilities are compact and there is one room which can be used as a living room. The kitchenette is very small, so that elaborate cooking is not possible. Some of them dont have any space for a washing machine inside the room. Floor plan for detached houses (Example) • Most detached houses in modern Japan have both Japanese and Western-style rooms. • Some of them have a garden and a parking space. 3. Customs regarding Japanese housing a) Shoes - In Japanese housing, there is an area for removing shoes before stepping up into the main entrance. Japanese people sit on the floor and sleep on a futon on the tatami, the Japanese traditional floor mats, so stepping on them with shoes on is not allowed. If you enter a room wearing shoes and dirt the mats, you might have to pay repair costs. b) Bathroom - In Japan bathing is not only washing the body but also a chance to relax while soaking in the bathtub. Recently bathrooms consisting of a Western-style bath with toilet have become popular, but the Japanese traditional bathroom is separate from the toilet and has a space to wash the body outside the bathtub. Bathtubs are mainly made of plastic or stainless steel. If you live with a Japanese family, you must keep the water in the bathtub as clean as possible because the rest of the family will take turns to use the water after you. Do not use soap in a Japanese-style bathtub. The water is heated mainly by gas. c) Tatami mats - Tatami mats are a traditional floor covering of straw sewn to make a mat about 5.5 cm thick and bound by woven rush. One tatami mat (jo) is also the unit used to indicate the size of a room. New tatami is green and the tatami mats are changed every few years or whenever moving house. d) Futon (thick bedquilt), bed and oshiire (closet) - In a Japanese house, generally the futon is rolled out every night and folded away in the oshiire every morning. During the daytime, the futon is kept inside the oshiire. In this way, a single room can be used for various purposes. If a bed is placed on the tatami mats, they are dented and damaged, so it is recommended to put boards under the legs of the bed. e) City gas and propane gas - Electricity or gas is provided for the stove and bath. There are two types of gas: city gas (coal gas), led to each household from gas company tanks, and propane gas, provided by dealers in the form of cylinders. City gas is managed by Tokyo Gas Co., Ltd. and propane gas is managed by individual dealers. Gas cookers etc. should be supplied by tenants. f) Water supply and drainage - Almost all areas of Kanagawa Prefecture have water supply facilities. You can drink the tap water. In most cases there is a drainage or a water purification tank. The drainage system is not suitable for a disposer. g) Toilet - The Japanese-style toilet has a cover (dome) at the front. When the toilet is shared with other tenants, separate toilet slippers should be used. h) Air conditioning / heating - Some housing has air conditioning/heating but in most cases, tenants have to buy their own. Fuel for heating includes electricity, gas, and kerosene. Sometimes the use of kerosene is prohibited. I) Fusuma and shoji - These are unique Japanese sliding doors to separate rooms. Fusuma is a wooden frame with fusuma paper pasted on both sides. Shoji is a latticed wooden frame with shoji paper windows. It is possible to make a room bigger by removing fusuma to connect the rooms. Fusuma pasting should be done by a specialist but when shoji paper is torn, you can buy shoji paper and repair it yourself. 4. Common problems and how to troubleshoot a) Remove footwear - Do not enter a house with shoes on. Be sure to remove shoes at the entrance. b) Deposit -Most of the problems related to renting involve the deposit. In Japan when you rent a house, you have to pay a deposit to the house owner. This deposit is given to the house owner and returned without any interest when the lease is cancelled. However, repair costs are deducted, so the deposit is usually not returned in full. As the specific agreement of the rent is contained in the rental housing contract, please check the contract thoroughly and dont break it. As for the other expenses when making a contract, please refer to page 39. c) Number of residents - The number of residents is confirmed when the contract is made. Additional residents are not allowed. d) Noise - Do not make loud noises late at night. In apartments, the sound echoes more than you think. As the sound of running a large amount of water also bothers neighbors, try not to run a bath or do washing late at night. e) Pets - There are almost no apartments allowing pets other than small birds and goldfish. If you do find one where you can keep pets, please follow the rules. f) Kitchen - If you cook with a large amount of oil, clean the area soon after by wiping the sink and cooking area. The ventilation fan should also be cleaned regularly. g) Putting out the garbage - Garbage is collected by the municipal government. The collection point, date, and method are determined in each area. There are areas where flammable garbage and nonflammable garbage should be separated. As for large garbage items, there are areas where the collection date is already determined, or you can sometimes arrange to have them picked up. Please consult your neighbors or the municipal government. h) Long-term absence - When you are not at home for a long time, you should notify the house owner. Rent must be paid even when you are away. i) Remodeling of the room - If you want to remodel a room, such as by putting a nail into a pole or attaching a hook to the wall for holding clothes, you should first consult owner. It is assumed that you will leave the room in the condition it was in when you rented it. If you remodel the room and it cannot be returned to its original state, your deposit will not be returned, or additional payments may be required.
What Is Special About The Houses In Lauro De Freitas? Lauro de Freitas, which is situated in the region known as the Coconut Coast in Bahia is one of the largest creators of jobs in the country. The town that is located 15 km to the northeast of Salvador is a center of economic activity and growth in the region. Houses in Lauro de Freitas offer attractive investment options for those who wish to live here and work in the nearby areas. Although Lauro de Freitas is more of an urban locality, it is not far from nice beaches. Three excellent beaches, Ipitanga, Vilas do Atlantico and Buraquinho are nearby. Living in Lauro de Freitas offers the best of urban conveniences while not being too far away from the peace and quiet of nature. Houses in Lauro de Freitas are good investment options whether you are buying for capital appreciation, rental income or for your own personal use. An Overview Of Houses In Lauro de Freitas Like most urban areas, houses in Lauro de Freitas are usually well planned units in nice condos or gated communities. Typical plot sizes vary between 100 to 500 sq. meters, although houses in plots of 1000 sq. meters or more are also available. You will get farmhouses where the land could be several thousand square meters in area. Most houses have more than one floor and the construction is modern with excellent finish. Many houses have porcelain or similar high quality flooring. Swimming pools very often have fancy features like LED lighting and whirlpools. Most houses are new and you will also find some which are still under construction. A two floor house in a gated community could cost anywhere between $ 85,000 to $ 450,000 depending upon the location, size and facilities provided. Houses on bigger plots or those with a lot of facilities will usually be priced above $ 500,000. On an average, the price of a house in Lauro de Freitas will be around $ 324,700. The prices of farmhouses depends on the location, size of land and the size and quality of construction. Compact Houses Priced Below $200,000 The bottom of the range offers compact houses in the localities of Abrantes, Ipitanga and Buraquinho. Prices start from as low as $ 85,000. In this price range you can expect houses which have 75 to 130 sq. meters built up area constructed on plots of up to 200 sq. meters. You are likely to find houses with two bedrooms, usually at least one of them is a suite. You may find houses with up to three suites depending upon the price. A pool and garden may be available as part of the common facilities in some condos. Most houses on offer have an open parking for one or two cars and at the higher end of the range you may have other facilities like a service area. Comfortable Houses Priced Between $200,000 And $350,000 Most of the houses in this range are in localities of Villas do Atlantico, Alphaville or in Lauro de Freitas town. The built up area will range between 180 and 570 sq. meters on plots of 200 to 500 sq. meters in Vilas do Atlantico. These houses are usually not too far away from the beach. In Alphaville you are likely to find houses constructed on larger plots of 300 to 800 sq. meters. Houses irrespective of the locality are located in areas where you dont have to go far for day to day needs. You will find shopping facilities, schools, hospitals and malls close by. In this range you can expect houses with at least four bedrooms and at least one suite, although there are houses offering up to six bedrooms or three suites. Some of the larger houses have a pool and garden. Multiple car parking is usually available and you can expect additional features like service areas, round the clock security, family room, party area, play area, barbecue and water storage facilities. Buy A House In A Nice Condo From $350,000 To $400,000 With this type of budget you will find houses in nice condos in Alphaville or in-town locations in Lauro de Freitas. Houses are quite large with 240 to 400 sq. meters construction on plots of 400 to 500 sq. meters. A typical house will have four bedrooms with more than one suite. In addition to the facilities mentioned in lower price ranges, expect a well-designed fancy swimming pool and some additional facilities like solar water heating and employee quarters. The condos usually have good quality common facilities like play areas, well designed or landscaped gardens, clubs and tennis courts. Premium Houses In Lauro de Freitas In The $400,000 To $600,000 Range In this price range, you can find houses in upmarket locations in Lauro de Freitas or Busca Vida in nice gated communities. Plot size could range anywhere from 300 to 1000 sq. meters and built up area of 300 to 400 sq. meters can be expected. Most houses have three to four suites, basic fittings, pool, garden and space to park multiple cars. You can expect the design and construction quality to be among the best in the region. If you are looking to buy a house near Salvador, then you must take a look at the houses in Lauro de Freitas and nearby areas. The wide variety of houses on offer increases your chance of getting a suitable house that meets your requirements and budget irrespective of the purpose that you are buying it for.
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