Published at Sunday, February 17th, 2019 - 04:41:15 AM. House. By .
Japanese Housing Conditions : In Japan, land price is expensive and housing conditions regarding its rent and size are not good compared to other countries. Accommodation is a very serious problem even for the Japanese particularly in urban areas, which lack spacious and low cost housing. 1. Japanese rental housing In Japan there is both public housing and private housing. Apartments make up the majority of rental housing. a) Public housing Public housing is provided by official organizations such as prefectural, city, and town governments, and housing supply corporations. Any non-Japanese who has an alien registration can apply for this kind of housing regardless of nationality. There are two types of housing: Koei Jutaku (public housing) is for people who have a low income; and Tokutei Yuryo Chintai Jutaku (delux family housing) and Kosha/Kodan Jutaku (Public Corporation housing) for those with a middle-class income. These apartments provide a certain level of facilities at relatively low rent. It is necessary to pay two to three months rent as a deposit (guarantee money) at your tenancy, but key money which is necessary for private housing is not required. However, qualifications such as income are precisely determined, and only those who satisfy these qualifications can apply. As there are many applicants, the tenants are determined by lottery. After moving in, the tenants must comply with the regulations for use (i.e. nobody is allowed to live together with the tenants without permission). This type of housing is mainly apartments, which generally include kitchen, bath, and oshiire (closet), with one to four rooms. b) Private rental housing Private rental housing is owned by individuals and private companies. The type varies in rent and size. 1. Aparto (Apartment) These are mainly two-story buildings constructed from light-weight steel, wood, or mortar, and house 4 to 8 households. Some of them share a toilet and/or have no bath. 2. Mansion (Apartment) In Japan, housing which is bigger than an Aparto and built with reinforced concrete is called a Mansion. The insulation is better than an Aparto, and privacy is better. Some have a custodian living on the first floor or others have an underground parking lot. 3. Detached house Detached houses have recently been designed using a mixture of Japanese and Western styles. Some of them have a garden. There are several rental houses designed especially for non-Japanese but not many. 2. Typical housing size and floor plan The area is indicated in square meters (m2) as well as original Japanese units, jo and tsubo. One jo means one tatami mat, and is roughly 180 cm x 90 cm. (Tatami is a unique Japanese floor covering). One tsubo is 182 cm x 182 cm or about 3.3m2 and equals approximately two jo. There are Japanese-style and Western-style rooms. A Japanese-style room has tatami mats and a Western-style room has flooring or a carpeted floor. Below is a typical Japanese housing floor plan. • K, DK, LDK - K means kitchen, D means dining room and L means living room. K means only a kitchen and DK means a dining room plus kitchen, and LDK means a room which has the function of a living room as well as dining room and kitchen. Therefore, 2DK means a house which has two rooms in addition to a room having the function of kitchen and dining room. • UB - UB means unit bath (unified formation bathroom), which includes bathtub, toilet and washbowl. • Oshiire (closet) - This means a storage space in a Japanese-style room. • PS - This means a pipe space containing drainpipes and wiring conduits. • MB - This means the meter box for water and gas. Floor plan for One-room Mansions (one-room apartments) (Example) Facilities are compact and there is one room which can be used as a living room. The kitchenette is very small, so that elaborate cooking is not possible. Some of them dont have any space for a washing machine inside the room. Floor plan for detached houses (Example) • Most detached houses in modern Japan have both Japanese and Western-style rooms. • Some of them have a garden and a parking space. 3. Customs regarding Japanese housing a) Shoes - In Japanese housing, there is an area for removing shoes before stepping up into the main entrance. Japanese people sit on the floor and sleep on a futon on the tatami, the Japanese traditional floor mats, so stepping on them with shoes on is not allowed. If you enter a room wearing shoes and dirt the mats, you might have to pay repair costs. b) Bathroom - In Japan bathing is not only washing the body but also a chance to relax while soaking in the bathtub. Recently bathrooms consisting of a Western-style bath with toilet have become popular, but the Japanese traditional bathroom is separate from the toilet and has a space to wash the body outside the bathtub. Bathtubs are mainly made of plastic or stainless steel. If you live with a Japanese family, you must keep the water in the bathtub as clean as possible because the rest of the family will take turns to use the water after you. Do not use soap in a Japanese-style bathtub. The water is heated mainly by gas. c) Tatami mats - Tatami mats are a traditional floor covering of straw sewn to make a mat about 5.5 cm thick and bound by woven rush. One tatami mat (jo) is also the unit used to indicate the size of a room. New tatami is green and the tatami mats are changed every few years or whenever moving house. d) Futon (thick bedquilt), bed and oshiire (closet) - In a Japanese house, generally the futon is rolled out every night and folded away in the oshiire every morning. During the daytime, the futon is kept inside the oshiire. In this way, a single room can be used for various purposes. If a bed is placed on the tatami mats, they are dented and damaged, so it is recommended to put boards under the legs of the bed. e) City gas and propane gas - Electricity or gas is provided for the stove and bath. There are two types of gas: city gas (coal gas), led to each household from gas company tanks, and propane gas, provided by dealers in the form of cylinders. City gas is managed by Tokyo Gas Co., Ltd. and propane gas is managed by individual dealers. Gas cookers etc. should be supplied by tenants. f) Water supply and drainage - Almost all areas of Kanagawa Prefecture have water supply facilities. You can drink the tap water. In most cases there is a drainage or a water purification tank. The drainage system is not suitable for a disposer. g) Toilet - The Japanese-style toilet has a cover (dome) at the front. When the toilet is shared with other tenants, separate toilet slippers should be used. h) Air conditioning / heating - Some housing has air conditioning/heating but in most cases, tenants have to buy their own. Fuel for heating includes electricity, gas, and kerosene. Sometimes the use of kerosene is prohibited. I) Fusuma and shoji - These are unique Japanese sliding doors to separate rooms. Fusuma is a wooden frame with fusuma paper pasted on both sides. Shoji is a latticed wooden frame with shoji paper windows. It is possible to make a room bigger by removing fusuma to connect the rooms. Fusuma pasting should be done by a specialist but when shoji paper is torn, you can buy shoji paper and repair it yourself. 4. Common problems and how to troubleshoot a) Remove footwear - Do not enter a house with shoes on. Be sure to remove shoes at the entrance. b) Deposit -Most of the problems related to renting involve the deposit. In Japan when you rent a house, you have to pay a deposit to the house owner. This deposit is given to the house owner and returned without any interest when the lease is cancelled. However, repair costs are deducted, so the deposit is usually not returned in full. As the specific agreement of the rent is contained in the rental housing contract, please check the contract thoroughly and dont break it. As for the other expenses when making a contract, please refer to page 39. c) Number of residents - The number of residents is confirmed when the contract is made. Additional residents are not allowed. d) Noise - Do not make loud noises late at night. In apartments, the sound echoes more than you think. As the sound of running a large amount of water also bothers neighbors, try not to run a bath or do washing late at night. e) Pets - There are almost no apartments allowing pets other than small birds and goldfish. If you do find one where you can keep pets, please follow the rules. f) Kitchen - If you cook with a large amount of oil, clean the area soon after by wiping the sink and cooking area. The ventilation fan should also be cleaned regularly. g) Putting out the garbage - Garbage is collected by the municipal government. The collection point, date, and method are determined in each area. There are areas where flammable garbage and nonflammable garbage should be separated. As for large garbage items, there are areas where the collection date is already determined, or you can sometimes arrange to have them picked up. Please consult your neighbors or the municipal government. h) Long-term absence - When you are not at home for a long time, you should notify the house owner. Rent must be paid even when you are away. i) Remodeling of the room - If you want to remodel a room, such as by putting a nail into a pole or attaching a hook to the wall for holding clothes, you should first consult owner. It is assumed that you will leave the room in the condition it was in when you rented it. If you remodel the room and it cannot be returned to its original state, your deposit will not be returned, or additional payments may be required.
10th House - Astrology - 10th House of Status : The Mid heaven or southern angle, the cusp or line of which is touched by the Sun at midday during noontime everyday at all the places on Earth, is known as the 10th House or Medium Coeli. This is why it is known as the principal or supreme angle of the heaven, according to heavenly calculations. The 10th House is an important feature as all the arcs of the directions to the angles are calculated from the Right Ascension of the Mid heavens. The astrological predictions make it the most important aspects related to the all arcs of directions. It is the most important aspect as it is related to matters like fame, name, recognition and honor. Western as well as Hindu astrologers maintain that planets are powerful when they occupy any house between 1 and 4 or 7 and 10. The four houses are called Kendra or angular houses in the horoscope and considered having great yield. The planets which occupy any of the houses said to rule power, of doing what they indicate by nature and by lordship. The Houses 2, 5, 8 and 11 are known as succeeding or panaphara houses and these planets are not powerful enough like the Kendra or angular houses, but have moderate strength. The 3rd, 6th, 9th and 12th houses have the weakest influence - known as the apoklima or cadent houses. For example, a person may lack suitable opportunities, depending on their merit or skills. The angular, succeeding and cadent houses correspond to fixed, mutable and common signs of the zodiac according to their power and influence. Effects of the 10th House The 10th House is the House of Lordship, dignity and esteem. It is known as the apex of the horoscope, as it indicates mans earthly achievements that are attained through name, fame, power, credit, success, conduct, status, rank, repute, authority and ambition. The standing of a person in his professional life and society should be determined in terms of his material responsibilities, and his contacts in the higher circles. This is what is indicated by the 10th House, the occupants of the 10th House and its constellations. Questions related to worldly actions and moral responsibilities are determined by this House. It presides over inclinations, preferences, permanence, professional growth etc. It demonstrates how one achieves affluence or superiority by occupying an exalted appointment or elective office. The principal influence on the 10th House is occupation, or business, although the 10th House is not the sole indicator of these aspects, but includes the 2nd and 6th Houses - the Material Trinity - which represent material gains. Hence, in everyday life, we often come across people who pursue ends or vocations that they do not have the aptitude or qualifications for. Others swap careers often, while there are people who carry out several activities simultaneously. In maximum cases, people choose their vocations not because of liking, but for financial profits. Hence, the 10th House represents Pravritti, representing respect for improvement. The 6th House represents service, routine, monotony and drudgery that a person is forced to continue whether he likes it or not. The 2nd House indicates the consequences of self-acquisition, which is monetary advantage through labor. Influence of the Planets on the 10th House Neptuneon your 10th House indicates occupations involving inspiration, mystery and secrecy like secret services, music, singing, art etc. One may also be connected with the marine industries. Dignified aspects of Neptuneindicate inspiration, position, honor and achievement. It may threaten danger to parents. Unfavorable positioning indicates disgrace, scandals etc. Uranusbrings about an erratic, unconventional, eccentric, but original aspect. With a well-aspected placement, Uranus harbors creativity, novel plans, originality and success. Mercury may stand for talent, but Uranus is all for genius. A lot of reformers, astrologers and scientists are born under its influence. Sudden changes in occupation are indicated. The slow and sluggish aspect of Saturn, if favorably placed, makes the person rise through industry, patience and perseverance, although there might be delays and interruptions. Saturn is generally subordinate and an affliction often leads to public discredit. The native may be talented, but lacks suitable avenues and opportunities. If the benevolence of Jupiter is well-connected to the 10th House, it definitely indicates honor and high position. As the ruler of justice and good morals, Jupiter ensures that the morality level of the person is high. The person will make money through just methods and make a good testimony for financial, social and political success. The militant nature of Mars when well-placed, allows a person energy, enterprise, force, will, courage and executive abilities. One can therefore lead any industry, or conduct a business successfully, especially with Mars placed in a mutable sign. Occupations using fire, iron or sharp tools are ideal. Affliction causes arrogance and aggression. Mutable Mercury brings in business success and entrepreneurship. This leads to mental and occult success as well. Mercury indicates plurality where one may be involved in more than a single occupation. Mercury is usually successful in its subordinate capacity and professions like engineering, export, import, international trade and post are ideal. Venusis peaceful and passive and indicates patronage from ladies in social, musical and artistic pursuits. Popularity is good humored and acquired in an affable manner, instead of by merit. Venus influences jobs which require refinement, artistic natures, and entertainment, as well as jobs where womens needs should be met for attaining success. The Sun is dignified and stands for honor, success, authority, power, distinction, prosperity, public support and patronage. It ensures success in government spheres, where credit is definite and success is steady, irrespective of what profession a person is in. the favor of superiors helps one to rise through responsibility and success. The mutable Moon rules the general public. This is why her placement in the 10th House indicates a successful public life. However, with the Moon being mutable, changes and alterations in public life are also indicated. The person might thus be popular in public life, although the popularity may not be longstanding. Indications of the 10th House The 10th House is known as the karmasthana which involves performing the last rites of the parents, attending religious rituals and yajnas, and work and make money. As a coincidence, they also lose either parent while they are flying in success. Indicating the father and the mother, the 10th House implies makarasthana or death-inflicting houses. The reference of the House is also to the employers or superior in profession and trade, the judge and the government. The native should govern the wealth inherited from the patrimony. This hereditary income stems from the ancestors. Representing Agya, the 10th House also rules commissions and orders. While the 9th House governs long journeys, the 10th House looks after pilgrimages. The 10th House rules aspects like prosperity, honor, trade, permanence, preeminence, authority, sports, sacrifice, agriculture, medicine, morality, teaching, intellect, adoption and command over the mantras. One needs to discover their position in the world through the 10th Bhava. Applications of the 10th Bhava Madhya Meshurana Jeevana - livelihood Rajaspadada - kingdom Sat - good Mana - honor Kriyam - sacrifice Vyapara - commerce, business or trade Aspada - position or rank Artha - wealth Pravrithi - inclination Karma - occupation Guna - quality Jaya - success Author of this article Biswarup Tarafder is a successful professional Astrologer having 16+ years of experience in Traditional Indian Vedic Astrology and KP Stellar System. Presently practising online for people in USA, Canada, UK and India.He is an expert in Relationship and Finance / Career astrology. Now if you are looking forward to get a detailed and authentic analysis of your horoscope based on Vedic Astrology ( KP System ) book a consultation with him by clicking on either of the following links.
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