Published at Saturday, February 16th, 2019 - 12:52:02 PM. House. By Alek Pulalo.
Building A House In Thailand? Some Facts You Should Know : Will Your Retirement House In Thailand Have Two Floors Or A Single Floor? This is maybe the most significant factors determining the cost and time needed to construct your house in Thailand. Until recent times Thai houses were traditionally designed with the living accommodation elevated from the ground on wood or concrete columns, or posts as the Thai refer to them. A normal Thai house may be constructed with, say, a dozen posts arranged in a three by four matrix, and this is called a twelve post house. Our own house in Pakchong (Pak Chong) where we plan to retire to, Thailand, is a sixteen post house (4 by 4 posts) and the upper story containing the living spaces is 3 meters above ground floor level. This is considerably more difficult to construct and more expensive than a single floored house building with all the accommodation on the ground floor. The difference between a Thai two storey house and a western one is that:- A western house usually has the living accommodation on the ground floor and the bedrooms on the second floor. A Thai house has the living accommodation and the bedrooms on the second floor. The ground floor if it has any rooms at all would probably be a utility area. The tradition of having elevated living accommodation in the Thai houses goes back hundreds of years and there are two reasons why this tradition developed:- 1) Rooms higher than ground floor level were safer from prowling animals like lions and tigers that were prevalent at the time and. 2) Much of Thailand is flat and prone to flooding. A house elevated on stilts (posts) is safe from flooding. My husband undoubtedly wanted a post house, and I adore it, but I would have been equally happy with a single storey house. My husband is paying the price of his decision to have a traditional Thai post house in terms of additional cost and longer time to construct. Therefore think with care if you actually must have a post house or if you can resign yourself to a one-floor construction which will be less costly and faster to construct. Bathroom With Bathtub Or Simple Shower Only Room This is one more choice that will shape the price and time to build your retirement house and yet again, it is a Thai compared to Western subject. Traditional style and typical Thai houses are usually not designed with a bath tub as is the norm in a western bathroom. Actually, my husband, who is British, did not want to have a bathtub, because he doesnt take a bath. He likes to take a shower so for this reason a straightforward shower room is all he wanted to have. Odd for a Thai, I love to relax in a bath tub filled with hot water and those aromatic bath salts or bubble bath. Consequently my husband has agreed to install a bath. Seeing he wanted to have a walk-in shower room, we will be having two bathrooms, one for myself with a bath, WC and hand wash basin, the other a shower room with hand wash basin and shower only. Yet again, the choices are made as a result of posing the question Who is the house for? Type Of Kitchen - Thai Style Or Avant-Garde Western Style Kitchen The style of kitchen you make your mind up to design for is one more topic that always has a large influence on the cost of the house. Normally a whole lot of preparation of Thai food for cooking is done at floor level. I mean sitting on the floor, whether floor level is at ground floor level or second floor level. Whilst we have a customary western standard kitchen in our home in England, I still put the crock on the floor to pound the cooking ingredients. In addition, Thai food is very often cooked on a single gas ring (or even a charcoal fire), or sometimes two heat sources, but no more than that. According to this food preparation and cooking approach, Thai kitchens historically are very plain affairs, and are without the long worktops and ovens, grilles, integrated sinks and integrated cupboards and appliances that practically every western kitchens has. In fact so simple are Thai kitchens that kitchens even in new Thai houses, are often not constructed as an enclosed room, instead they are a minimal exterior area perimeter wall with a roof and maybe a simple counter-top. It follows that if you are building a Thai-style house you do not have to pay for a western style kitchen with all the luxurious fittings that are expected in a modern western house. In Thailand, as a westerner, you must have a refrigerator but countless Thai kitchens do not contain a fridge or a freezer nor clothes or dish washing machines. Yet again, our retirement house in Thailand is planned with a western style kitchen, including a long granite counter-top and integral dual sink, fridge and freezer. Installing cupboards, drawers and washing machines is not in the current scheme, however, but may be provided afterwards. Whether To Have Air Conditioning Or Not Whether or not you choose to have air conditioning can appreciably influence the construction of your house if it is appropriately designed. A house in Thailand correctly designed for air conditioning will be considerably different from one designed to utilize the natural flow of air for keeping cool, instead of air-con. How A House Built In Thailand Is Designed For Natural Ventilation (Not Having Comfort Cooling) In a Thai house without air conditioning you will be relying on natural flow of air blowing through the rooms to dissipate the heat. Our retirement house in Pakchong (Pak Chong), Thailand is designed like this. You should have plenty of options for the natural wind to flow throughout the rooms. The house should be built of light materials that do not easily absorb and re-emit heat. Our house has external walls made from wooden planks that allow the wind to blow through. Openings to permit the natural air drafts to flow will feature open windows and doors, air flow louvres and open-area room designs. Windows with glazing must be avoided as they prevent the breeze from blowing in and windows focus the suns rays like a greenhouse. You only have to look at the traditional Central Plains Thai houses built a hundred years ago to appreciate how to design a natural-cooling Thai house. Features Of A House Designed For Air Conditioning Air-con works like a fridge and the house should be configured like a fridge to get the best out of the Air Conditioning. This means preventing natural air currents - it must be designed as an extremely well sealed building, tightly closed doors and windows - well insulated and if you must have natural light this ought to be provided through windows with glazing, preferably which has a coloured coating to reduce heat from the suns rays. Double glazing also helps.
Japanese Housing Conditions : In Japan, land price is expensive and housing conditions regarding its rent and size are not good compared to other countries. Accommodation is a very serious problem even for the Japanese particularly in urban areas, which lack spacious and low cost housing. 1. Japanese rental housing In Japan there is both public housing and private housing. Apartments make up the majority of rental housing. a) Public housing Public housing is provided by official organizations such as prefectural, city, and town governments, and housing supply corporations. Any non-Japanese who has an alien registration can apply for this kind of housing regardless of nationality. There are two types of housing: Koei Jutaku (public housing) is for people who have a low income; and Tokutei Yuryo Chintai Jutaku (delux family housing) and Kosha/Kodan Jutaku (Public Corporation housing) for those with a middle-class income. These apartments provide a certain level of facilities at relatively low rent. It is necessary to pay two to three months rent as a deposit (guarantee money) at your tenancy, but key money which is necessary for private housing is not required. However, qualifications such as income are precisely determined, and only those who satisfy these qualifications can apply. As there are many applicants, the tenants are determined by lottery. After moving in, the tenants must comply with the regulations for use (i.e. nobody is allowed to live together with the tenants without permission). This type of housing is mainly apartments, which generally include kitchen, bath, and oshiire (closet), with one to four rooms. b) Private rental housing Private rental housing is owned by individuals and private companies. The type varies in rent and size. 1. Aparto (Apartment) These are mainly two-story buildings constructed from light-weight steel, wood, or mortar, and house 4 to 8 households. Some of them share a toilet and/or have no bath. 2. Mansion (Apartment) In Japan, housing which is bigger than an Aparto and built with reinforced concrete is called a Mansion. The insulation is better than an Aparto, and privacy is better. Some have a custodian living on the first floor or others have an underground parking lot. 3. Detached house Detached houses have recently been designed using a mixture of Japanese and Western styles. Some of them have a garden. There are several rental houses designed especially for non-Japanese but not many. 2. Typical housing size and floor plan The area is indicated in square meters (m2) as well as original Japanese units, jo and tsubo. One jo means one tatami mat, and is roughly 180 cm x 90 cm. (Tatami is a unique Japanese floor covering). One tsubo is 182 cm x 182 cm or about 3.3m2 and equals approximately two jo. There are Japanese-style and Western-style rooms. A Japanese-style room has tatami mats and a Western-style room has flooring or a carpeted floor. Below is a typical Japanese housing floor plan. • K, DK, LDK - K means kitchen, D means dining room and L means living room. K means only a kitchen and DK means a dining room plus kitchen, and LDK means a room which has the function of a living room as well as dining room and kitchen. Therefore, 2DK means a house which has two rooms in addition to a room having the function of kitchen and dining room. • UB - UB means unit bath (unified formation bathroom), which includes bathtub, toilet and washbowl. • Oshiire (closet) - This means a storage space in a Japanese-style room. • PS - This means a pipe space containing drainpipes and wiring conduits. • MB - This means the meter box for water and gas. Floor plan for One-room Mansions (one-room apartments) (Example) Facilities are compact and there is one room which can be used as a living room. The kitchenette is very small, so that elaborate cooking is not possible. Some of them dont have any space for a washing machine inside the room. Floor plan for detached houses (Example) • Most detached houses in modern Japan have both Japanese and Western-style rooms. • Some of them have a garden and a parking space. 3. Customs regarding Japanese housing a) Shoes - In Japanese housing, there is an area for removing shoes before stepping up into the main entrance. Japanese people sit on the floor and sleep on a futon on the tatami, the Japanese traditional floor mats, so stepping on them with shoes on is not allowed. If you enter a room wearing shoes and dirt the mats, you might have to pay repair costs. b) Bathroom - In Japan bathing is not only washing the body but also a chance to relax while soaking in the bathtub. Recently bathrooms consisting of a Western-style bath with toilet have become popular, but the Japanese traditional bathroom is separate from the toilet and has a space to wash the body outside the bathtub. Bathtubs are mainly made of plastic or stainless steel. If you live with a Japanese family, you must keep the water in the bathtub as clean as possible because the rest of the family will take turns to use the water after you. Do not use soap in a Japanese-style bathtub. The water is heated mainly by gas. c) Tatami mats - Tatami mats are a traditional floor covering of straw sewn to make a mat about 5.5 cm thick and bound by woven rush. One tatami mat (jo) is also the unit used to indicate the size of a room. New tatami is green and the tatami mats are changed every few years or whenever moving house. d) Futon (thick bedquilt), bed and oshiire (closet) - In a Japanese house, generally the futon is rolled out every night and folded away in the oshiire every morning. During the daytime, the futon is kept inside the oshiire. In this way, a single room can be used for various purposes. If a bed is placed on the tatami mats, they are dented and damaged, so it is recommended to put boards under the legs of the bed. e) City gas and propane gas - Electricity or gas is provided for the stove and bath. There are two types of gas: city gas (coal gas), led to each household from gas company tanks, and propane gas, provided by dealers in the form of cylinders. City gas is managed by Tokyo Gas Co., Ltd. and propane gas is managed by individual dealers. Gas cookers etc. should be supplied by tenants. f) Water supply and drainage - Almost all areas of Kanagawa Prefecture have water supply facilities. You can drink the tap water. In most cases there is a drainage or a water purification tank. The drainage system is not suitable for a disposer. g) Toilet - The Japanese-style toilet has a cover (dome) at the front. When the toilet is shared with other tenants, separate toilet slippers should be used. h) Air conditioning / heating - Some housing has air conditioning/heating but in most cases, tenants have to buy their own. Fuel for heating includes electricity, gas, and kerosene. Sometimes the use of kerosene is prohibited. I) Fusuma and shoji - These are unique Japanese sliding doors to separate rooms. Fusuma is a wooden frame with fusuma paper pasted on both sides. Shoji is a latticed wooden frame with shoji paper windows. It is possible to make a room bigger by removing fusuma to connect the rooms. Fusuma pasting should be done by a specialist but when shoji paper is torn, you can buy shoji paper and repair it yourself. 4. Common problems and how to troubleshoot a) Remove footwear - Do not enter a house with shoes on. Be sure to remove shoes at the entrance. b) Deposit -Most of the problems related to renting involve the deposit. In Japan when you rent a house, you have to pay a deposit to the house owner. This deposit is given to the house owner and returned without any interest when the lease is cancelled. However, repair costs are deducted, so the deposit is usually not returned in full. As the specific agreement of the rent is contained in the rental housing contract, please check the contract thoroughly and dont break it. As for the other expenses when making a contract, please refer to page 39. c) Number of residents - The number of residents is confirmed when the contract is made. Additional residents are not allowed. d) Noise - Do not make loud noises late at night. In apartments, the sound echoes more than you think. As the sound of running a large amount of water also bothers neighbors, try not to run a bath or do washing late at night. e) Pets - There are almost no apartments allowing pets other than small birds and goldfish. If you do find one where you can keep pets, please follow the rules. f) Kitchen - If you cook with a large amount of oil, clean the area soon after by wiping the sink and cooking area. The ventilation fan should also be cleaned regularly. g) Putting out the garbage - Garbage is collected by the municipal government. The collection point, date, and method are determined in each area. There are areas where flammable garbage and nonflammable garbage should be separated. As for large garbage items, there are areas where the collection date is already determined, or you can sometimes arrange to have them picked up. Please consult your neighbors or the municipal government. h) Long-term absence - When you are not at home for a long time, you should notify the house owner. Rent must be paid even when you are away. i) Remodeling of the room - If you want to remodel a room, such as by putting a nail into a pole or attaching a hook to the wall for holding clothes, you should first consult owner. It is assumed that you will leave the room in the condition it was in when you rented it. If you remodel the room and it cannot be returned to its original state, your deposit will not be returned, or additional payments may be required.
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