Published at Saturday, February 16th, 2019 - 23:48:01 PM. House. By Austin Lagi.
Japanese Housing Conditions : In Japan, land price is expensive and housing conditions regarding its rent and size are not good compared to other countries. Accommodation is a very serious problem even for the Japanese particularly in urban areas, which lack spacious and low cost housing. 1. Japanese rental housing In Japan there is both public housing and private housing. Apartments make up the majority of rental housing. a) Public housing Public housing is provided by official organizations such as prefectural, city, and town governments, and housing supply corporations. Any non-Japanese who has an alien registration can apply for this kind of housing regardless of nationality. There are two types of housing: Koei Jutaku (public housing) is for people who have a low income; and Tokutei Yuryo Chintai Jutaku (delux family housing) and Kosha/Kodan Jutaku (Public Corporation housing) for those with a middle-class income. These apartments provide a certain level of facilities at relatively low rent. It is necessary to pay two to three months rent as a deposit (guarantee money) at your tenancy, but key money which is necessary for private housing is not required. However, qualifications such as income are precisely determined, and only those who satisfy these qualifications can apply. As there are many applicants, the tenants are determined by lottery. After moving in, the tenants must comply with the regulations for use (i.e. nobody is allowed to live together with the tenants without permission). This type of housing is mainly apartments, which generally include kitchen, bath, and oshiire (closet), with one to four rooms. b) Private rental housing Private rental housing is owned by individuals and private companies. The type varies in rent and size. 1. Aparto (Apartment) These are mainly two-story buildings constructed from light-weight steel, wood, or mortar, and house 4 to 8 households. Some of them share a toilet and/or have no bath. 2. Mansion (Apartment) In Japan, housing which is bigger than an Aparto and built with reinforced concrete is called a Mansion. The insulation is better than an Aparto, and privacy is better. Some have a custodian living on the first floor or others have an underground parking lot. 3. Detached house Detached houses have recently been designed using a mixture of Japanese and Western styles. Some of them have a garden. There are several rental houses designed especially for non-Japanese but not many. 2. Typical housing size and floor plan The area is indicated in square meters (m2) as well as original Japanese units, jo and tsubo. One jo means one tatami mat, and is roughly 180 cm x 90 cm. (Tatami is a unique Japanese floor covering). One tsubo is 182 cm x 182 cm or about 3.3m2 and equals approximately two jo. There are Japanese-style and Western-style rooms. A Japanese-style room has tatami mats and a Western-style room has flooring or a carpeted floor. Below is a typical Japanese housing floor plan. • K, DK, LDK - K means kitchen, D means dining room and L means living room. K means only a kitchen and DK means a dining room plus kitchen, and LDK means a room which has the function of a living room as well as dining room and kitchen. Therefore, 2DK means a house which has two rooms in addition to a room having the function of kitchen and dining room. • UB - UB means unit bath (unified formation bathroom), which includes bathtub, toilet and washbowl. • Oshiire (closet) - This means a storage space in a Japanese-style room. • PS - This means a pipe space containing drainpipes and wiring conduits. • MB - This means the meter box for water and gas. Floor plan for One-room Mansions (one-room apartments) (Example) Facilities are compact and there is one room which can be used as a living room. The kitchenette is very small, so that elaborate cooking is not possible. Some of them dont have any space for a washing machine inside the room. Floor plan for detached houses (Example) • Most detached houses in modern Japan have both Japanese and Western-style rooms. • Some of them have a garden and a parking space. 3. Customs regarding Japanese housing a) Shoes - In Japanese housing, there is an area for removing shoes before stepping up into the main entrance. Japanese people sit on the floor and sleep on a futon on the tatami, the Japanese traditional floor mats, so stepping on them with shoes on is not allowed. If you enter a room wearing shoes and dirt the mats, you might have to pay repair costs. b) Bathroom - In Japan bathing is not only washing the body but also a chance to relax while soaking in the bathtub. Recently bathrooms consisting of a Western-style bath with toilet have become popular, but the Japanese traditional bathroom is separate from the toilet and has a space to wash the body outside the bathtub. Bathtubs are mainly made of plastic or stainless steel. If you live with a Japanese family, you must keep the water in the bathtub as clean as possible because the rest of the family will take turns to use the water after you. Do not use soap in a Japanese-style bathtub. The water is heated mainly by gas. c) Tatami mats - Tatami mats are a traditional floor covering of straw sewn to make a mat about 5.5 cm thick and bound by woven rush. One tatami mat (jo) is also the unit used to indicate the size of a room. New tatami is green and the tatami mats are changed every few years or whenever moving house. d) Futon (thick bedquilt), bed and oshiire (closet) - In a Japanese house, generally the futon is rolled out every night and folded away in the oshiire every morning. During the daytime, the futon is kept inside the oshiire. In this way, a single room can be used for various purposes. If a bed is placed on the tatami mats, they are dented and damaged, so it is recommended to put boards under the legs of the bed. e) City gas and propane gas - Electricity or gas is provided for the stove and bath. There are two types of gas: city gas (coal gas), led to each household from gas company tanks, and propane gas, provided by dealers in the form of cylinders. City gas is managed by Tokyo Gas Co., Ltd. and propane gas is managed by individual dealers. Gas cookers etc. should be supplied by tenants. f) Water supply and drainage - Almost all areas of Kanagawa Prefecture have water supply facilities. You can drink the tap water. In most cases there is a drainage or a water purification tank. The drainage system is not suitable for a disposer. g) Toilet - The Japanese-style toilet has a cover (dome) at the front. When the toilet is shared with other tenants, separate toilet slippers should be used. h) Air conditioning / heating - Some housing has air conditioning/heating but in most cases, tenants have to buy their own. Fuel for heating includes electricity, gas, and kerosene. Sometimes the use of kerosene is prohibited. I) Fusuma and shoji - These are unique Japanese sliding doors to separate rooms. Fusuma is a wooden frame with fusuma paper pasted on both sides. Shoji is a latticed wooden frame with shoji paper windows. It is possible to make a room bigger by removing fusuma to connect the rooms. Fusuma pasting should be done by a specialist but when shoji paper is torn, you can buy shoji paper and repair it yourself. 4. Common problems and how to troubleshoot a) Remove footwear - Do not enter a house with shoes on. Be sure to remove shoes at the entrance. b) Deposit -Most of the problems related to renting involve the deposit. In Japan when you rent a house, you have to pay a deposit to the house owner. This deposit is given to the house owner and returned without any interest when the lease is cancelled. However, repair costs are deducted, so the deposit is usually not returned in full. As the specific agreement of the rent is contained in the rental housing contract, please check the contract thoroughly and dont break it. As for the other expenses when making a contract, please refer to page 39. c) Number of residents - The number of residents is confirmed when the contract is made. Additional residents are not allowed. d) Noise - Do not make loud noises late at night. In apartments, the sound echoes more than you think. As the sound of running a large amount of water also bothers neighbors, try not to run a bath or do washing late at night. e) Pets - There are almost no apartments allowing pets other than small birds and goldfish. If you do find one where you can keep pets, please follow the rules. f) Kitchen - If you cook with a large amount of oil, clean the area soon after by wiping the sink and cooking area. The ventilation fan should also be cleaned regularly. g) Putting out the garbage - Garbage is collected by the municipal government. The collection point, date, and method are determined in each area. There are areas where flammable garbage and nonflammable garbage should be separated. As for large garbage items, there are areas where the collection date is already determined, or you can sometimes arrange to have them picked up. Please consult your neighbors or the municipal government. h) Long-term absence - When you are not at home for a long time, you should notify the house owner. Rent must be paid even when you are away. i) Remodeling of the room - If you want to remodel a room, such as by putting a nail into a pole or attaching a hook to the wall for holding clothes, you should first consult owner. It is assumed that you will leave the room in the condition it was in when you rented it. If you remodel the room and it cannot be returned to its original state, your deposit will not be returned, or additional payments may be required.
Mistakes To Avoid When Attempting To Sell Your House Fast :In this housing market, it can be difficult to sell a house fast. These are the five mistakes you need to avoid if you want to have your house sold quickly: 1. Asking Too Much Setting your price too high is the biggest mistakes home sellers are making in this market. Your Realtor may give you a price that they feel the house should sell for that is higher than what it is likely to sell for. Some Realtors inflate their estimate so that the prospect of selling your house is more attractive. There is more incentive to sell your house. Make sure you have a good idea of what other similar houses are selling for in your area. You should be comparing houses with the same number of bedrooms and bathrooms, size that is within about 300 square feet of the size of your house, and similar amenities. Other factors that should be taken into consideration is the amount of time the houses sat on the market before they sold. This brings up another point in that you really should focus mostly on houses that have already sold. Anyone can ask anything they want for a house. What someone is willing to pay for it is an entirely different story. If you want to sell a house fast, you should price your house slightly lower than the others that are on the market. Evaluate your competition. See what their houses have that yours doesnt. 2. Not Being Aware of Your Competition This one is an extension of the last mistake. If you do not know what you are competing with, how are you going to know if you are priced right? Your house needs to priced lower than a house that has more upgrades. These upgrades include things like granite countertops, hardwood floors, new energy-efficient windows, new mechanicals, and just about anything else that buyers will find more appealing. You can compete by offering your house at a more attractive price. Visit open houses to get a sneak peak at your competition. Take note of anything theyve done to make the house more appealing that you might be able to incorporate. If there are not a lot of open houses taking place, you can have a Realtor show you the houses. 3. Being Stubborn Do not be the seller that is unwilling to negotiate or give concessions. Buyers want to feel like they are getting a great deal, especially these days. It is a buyers market and if you dont accept that, you shouldnt be selling your house. Even if you feel like you are giving them a good deal, you have to be willing to give a little. It doesnt have to be price that is sacrificied, you could offer to throw in some appliances or furniture that they might like. Get creative. If you are not getting showings and youve done your homework and know the house compares favorably with your competition, your best bet is to reduce the price. Do not be stubborn and refuse to budge. Your house will just sit and the costs you accrue while your house is the on the market will likely exceed what you would be giving up with a price drop. 4. Not Having The House In Sellable Condition Buyers are extremely picky these days because they can be. With a high number of houses for sale and lenders tightening their lending criteria, this is inevitable. You will need to make sure that your house is in move-in condition. Replace rotted wood, repaint inside and outside, update anything that is dated (including 90s style wallpaper and fixtures). You will need to make your house stand out and make the people viewing it feel like they can see themselves living there. Some things can be done relatively cheaply that will provide big improvements. Paint is the cheapest thing you can do that will bring the biggest returns. You can update cabinets simply by replacing the handles and knobs. Clean the windows. This always helps with the impression the house makes. If you cant afford or dont have the time or energy to complete necessary repairs, you will need to adjust your price accordingly. Most of the time the price needs to be reduced more than the repairs would cost due to the fact that buyers will want a good deal because of the hassle and unknowns that come with remodeling a house. Working with contractors can stress anyone out. 5. Refusing To Consider Selling To The We Buy Houses People If your house needs repairs that will scare off buyers, you really need to consider getting an offer from real estate investment companies that advertise We Buy Houses . These companies typically pay cash and buy houses as-is. This allows you to sell without providing any warranty or doing any of the repairs. Even if the house does not need repairs, they will make an offer to buy it so that you can sell the house fast. If youve inherited a house or just evicted some tenants and want to avoid renting the house again, real estate investors may be your best best. You can have an instant buyer rather than putting it on the market and having to have showings to try move it. These house buyers will make an offer and you can either accept it or not. Why not try them out and see if you could save a lot of time and hassle? The tradeoff with using a house buying company is that they typically need to buy the house below market value as they are buying for investment purposes. Its better to know this upfront. Most We Buy Houses websites do not mention this. For a lot of sellers this tradeoff is well worth it to avoid the hassles of selling a house in this market. Hopefully you can avoid making these mistakes while trying to sell your house fast. Understanding what to avoid will put you far ahead of the competition. Good luck with the sale of your house.
Any content, trademark’s, or other material that might be found on the Conantheadventurer website that is not Conantheadventurer’s property remains the copyright of its respective owner/s. In no way does Conantheadventurer claim ownership or responsibility for such items, and you should seek legal consent for any use of such materials from its owner.