By . House. Published at Thursday, February 14th, 2019 - 01:33:11 AM.
The Haunted Sallie House : There are a lot of haunted houses all around the world, and such structures really do spark the human imagination. For some people haunted houses are scientific anomalies which require scientific investigation, while others regard them as centers of paranormal activity that must be revered or even feared. Whatever the truth may be about haunted houses, its undeniable that many of them have terrifying reputations. Among the most notorious haunted houses in the world is the Sallie House. A lot of people in Atchison, Kansas believe that the Sallie house contains evil spirits, while others believe that the entities within are simply lost souls seeking help. Despite peoples opinions about the matter, the Sallie House has become one of the most important attractions of Atchison, Kansas and has been the subject of many TV documentaries. This simple 19th century house originally got its name due to the haunting of a little girl, who was later given the name Sallie. The couple who owned the house believed that the little girl was trying to warn them about the evil spirits which dwelt within the house. Due to the numerous sightings of the little girl, the haunted house became known to both local residents and investigators as the Sallie House. Over the years however, the house began to exhibit other hauntings besides that of the little girl. These hauntings lead observers to conclude that other entities may be inhabiting the house or perhaps some other force was at work within the area. People have always wondered about the entities which inhabit this house. Are they simple ghostly visitors, or are were they lost souls trapped within the house? Were they looking for help or were they just malevolent entities that seek to do harm on the houses human occupants. This is not an easy question to answer, but for those who seek clues to the nature of the Sallie House, its important to look at its long and interesting history. The History of the Sallie House The House that will later be known as the Sallie House was first built in 1867. The land on which it was built on was purchased by one Michael C. Finney, who moved in with his family to start a new life. Finney had a wife, two sons and daughter, and the house remained in the possession of the family until the death of Agnes and Charles Finney, both of whom were Finneys descendants, in 1939 and 1947 respectively. When the Agnes and Charles died, the house was rented out to various boarders. However, people never stayed long in the house and for whatever reason, there were few records on the people who stayed there. The only person who seemed to tolerate the houses peculiar characteristics was one Ethel Anderson, who lived in the house until the early 90s. After Ethel Anderson, Tony and Debra Pickman moved into the Finney home, and thats when the Sallie Houses notorious reputation began to become quite popular. Aside from Sallie appearing to Tony and Debra, numerous attacks were also carried out on anyone who lived inside the house or investigate its mysteries. Tony Pickman, for example, sustained several injuries back when he and his family owned the house in the early 90s, while investigators who visited the house reported sustaining minor injuries, such cuts and burns, during their stay. Whats most disturbing however, is the fact that investigators of house have endured cuts and burns while gathering paranormal data from the house. Although such attacks are usually directed at certain groups of people, it has lead a lot of people to believe in the hostile nature of house and the possibility of demonic presence within its walls. In addition to the attacks, visitors and witnesses also reported full bodied apparitions, flying objects, phantom furniture, sounds of strange animals, human voices and mysterious items appearing and disappearing at random points throughout the house. In addition to witness accounts, a surprisingly large amount of Electronic Voice Phenomenon was also recorded of strange voices from men, women and children, not to mention strange smells emanating from various areas around the house. These data is yet to be authenticated, but over the years a surprising amount of legends and theories has sprung up about the nature and secrets of the Sallie House. Investigations on the Sallie House The first major investigation on the Sallie House was carried out in the early 90s by the Television show, Sightings. Since that time, several psychics and paranormal investigators have attempted to uncover the secrets of the house. With them came technicians and other researchers who were also interested in learning about anomalies which occurred within the house. In addition to paranormal investigators, mainstream journalists, such as the Travel Channel, the History Channel and the Discovery Channel have also investigated the house to gather materials for their own shows and articles. Even Paramount Pictures visited the house in order to gather information for a movie adaptation. Those who have investigated the Sallie House have used a variety of equipment to determine the nature of the hauntings. Among the tools that were used were digital voice recorders, laser microphones, infrared video cameras, electromagnetic measuring devices, and even radiation meters. Those who were less inclined to use technical devices used Ouija boards, crystals, and pendulums to contact the unknown. These psychic devices were used by paranormal investigators and due to their findings and experiences, some of the psychics believe that demonic entities may be inhabiting the house. Other investigators incorporated ESP and other psychic phenomenon in their investigations. Given the frequent appearance of paranormal and supernatural activity in the house, various groups and investigators have begun using the area around the house as a kind of testing ground for paranormal experiments.
What Is Special About The Houses In Lauro De Freitas? Lauro de Freitas, which is situated in the region known as the Coconut Coast in Bahia is one of the largest creators of jobs in the country. The town that is located 15 km to the northeast of Salvador is a center of economic activity and growth in the region. Houses in Lauro de Freitas offer attractive investment options for those who wish to live here and work in the nearby areas. Although Lauro de Freitas is more of an urban locality, it is not far from nice beaches. Three excellent beaches, Ipitanga, Vilas do Atlantico and Buraquinho are nearby. Living in Lauro de Freitas offers the best of urban conveniences while not being too far away from the peace and quiet of nature. Houses in Lauro de Freitas are good investment options whether you are buying for capital appreciation, rental income or for your own personal use. An Overview Of Houses In Lauro de Freitas Like most urban areas, houses in Lauro de Freitas are usually well planned units in nice condos or gated communities. Typical plot sizes vary between 100 to 500 sq. meters, although houses in plots of 1000 sq. meters or more are also available. You will get farmhouses where the land could be several thousand square meters in area. Most houses have more than one floor and the construction is modern with excellent finish. Many houses have porcelain or similar high quality flooring. Swimming pools very often have fancy features like LED lighting and whirlpools. Most houses are new and you will also find some which are still under construction. A two floor house in a gated community could cost anywhere between $ 85,000 to $ 450,000 depending upon the location, size and facilities provided. Houses on bigger plots or those with a lot of facilities will usually be priced above $ 500,000. On an average, the price of a house in Lauro de Freitas will be around $ 324,700. The prices of farmhouses depends on the location, size of land and the size and quality of construction. Compact Houses Priced Below $200,000 The bottom of the range offers compact houses in the localities of Abrantes, Ipitanga and Buraquinho. Prices start from as low as $ 85,000. In this price range you can expect houses which have 75 to 130 sq. meters built up area constructed on plots of up to 200 sq. meters. You are likely to find houses with two bedrooms, usually at least one of them is a suite. You may find houses with up to three suites depending upon the price. A pool and garden may be available as part of the common facilities in some condos. Most houses on offer have an open parking for one or two cars and at the higher end of the range you may have other facilities like a service area. Comfortable Houses Priced Between $200,000 And $350,000 Most of the houses in this range are in localities of Villas do Atlantico, Alphaville or in Lauro de Freitas town. The built up area will range between 180 and 570 sq. meters on plots of 200 to 500 sq. meters in Vilas do Atlantico. These houses are usually not too far away from the beach. In Alphaville you are likely to find houses constructed on larger plots of 300 to 800 sq. meters. Houses irrespective of the locality are located in areas where you dont have to go far for day to day needs. You will find shopping facilities, schools, hospitals and malls close by. In this range you can expect houses with at least four bedrooms and at least one suite, although there are houses offering up to six bedrooms or three suites. Some of the larger houses have a pool and garden. Multiple car parking is usually available and you can expect additional features like service areas, round the clock security, family room, party area, play area, barbecue and water storage facilities. Buy A House In A Nice Condo From $350,000 To $400,000 With this type of budget you will find houses in nice condos in Alphaville or in-town locations in Lauro de Freitas. Houses are quite large with 240 to 400 sq. meters construction on plots of 400 to 500 sq. meters. A typical house will have four bedrooms with more than one suite. In addition to the facilities mentioned in lower price ranges, expect a well-designed fancy swimming pool and some additional facilities like solar water heating and employee quarters. The condos usually have good quality common facilities like play areas, well designed or landscaped gardens, clubs and tennis courts. Premium Houses In Lauro de Freitas In The $400,000 To $600,000 Range In this price range, you can find houses in upmarket locations in Lauro de Freitas or Busca Vida in nice gated communities. Plot size could range anywhere from 300 to 1000 sq. meters and built up area of 300 to 400 sq. meters can be expected. Most houses have three to four suites, basic fittings, pool, garden and space to park multiple cars. You can expect the design and construction quality to be among the best in the region. If you are looking to buy a house near Salvador, then you must take a look at the houses in Lauro de Freitas and nearby areas. The wide variety of houses on offer increases your chance of getting a suitable house that meets your requirements and budget irrespective of the purpose that you are buying it for.
Japanese Housing Conditions : In Japan, land price is expensive and housing conditions regarding its rent and size are not good compared to other countries. Accommodation is a very serious problem even for the Japanese particularly in urban areas, which lack spacious and low cost housing. 1. Japanese rental housing In Japan there is both public housing and private housing. Apartments make up the majority of rental housing. a) Public housing Public housing is provided by official organizations such as prefectural, city, and town governments, and housing supply corporations. Any non-Japanese who has an alien registration can apply for this kind of housing regardless of nationality. There are two types of housing: Koei Jutaku (public housing) is for people who have a low income; and Tokutei Yuryo Chintai Jutaku (delux family housing) and Kosha/Kodan Jutaku (Public Corporation housing) for those with a middle-class income. These apartments provide a certain level of facilities at relatively low rent. It is necessary to pay two to three months rent as a deposit (guarantee money) at your tenancy, but key money which is necessary for private housing is not required. However, qualifications such as income are precisely determined, and only those who satisfy these qualifications can apply. As there are many applicants, the tenants are determined by lottery. After moving in, the tenants must comply with the regulations for use (i.e. nobody is allowed to live together with the tenants without permission). This type of housing is mainly apartments, which generally include kitchen, bath, and oshiire (closet), with one to four rooms. b) Private rental housing Private rental housing is owned by individuals and private companies. The type varies in rent and size. 1. Aparto (Apartment) These are mainly two-story buildings constructed from light-weight steel, wood, or mortar, and house 4 to 8 households. Some of them share a toilet and/or have no bath. 2. Mansion (Apartment) In Japan, housing which is bigger than an Aparto and built with reinforced concrete is called a Mansion. The insulation is better than an Aparto, and privacy is better. Some have a custodian living on the first floor or others have an underground parking lot. 3. Detached house Detached houses have recently been designed using a mixture of Japanese and Western styles. Some of them have a garden. There are several rental houses designed especially for non-Japanese but not many. 2. Typical housing size and floor plan The area is indicated in square meters (m2) as well as original Japanese units, jo and tsubo. One jo means one tatami mat, and is roughly 180 cm x 90 cm. (Tatami is a unique Japanese floor covering). One tsubo is 182 cm x 182 cm or about 3.3m2 and equals approximately two jo. There are Japanese-style and Western-style rooms. A Japanese-style room has tatami mats and a Western-style room has flooring or a carpeted floor. Below is a typical Japanese housing floor plan. • K, DK, LDK - K means kitchen, D means dining room and L means living room. K means only a kitchen and DK means a dining room plus kitchen, and LDK means a room which has the function of a living room as well as dining room and kitchen. Therefore, 2DK means a house which has two rooms in addition to a room having the function of kitchen and dining room. • UB - UB means unit bath (unified formation bathroom), which includes bathtub, toilet and washbowl. • Oshiire (closet) - This means a storage space in a Japanese-style room. • PS - This means a pipe space containing drainpipes and wiring conduits. • MB - This means the meter box for water and gas. Floor plan for One-room Mansions (one-room apartments) (Example) Facilities are compact and there is one room which can be used as a living room. The kitchenette is very small, so that elaborate cooking is not possible. Some of them dont have any space for a washing machine inside the room. Floor plan for detached houses (Example) • Most detached houses in modern Japan have both Japanese and Western-style rooms. • Some of them have a garden and a parking space. 3. Customs regarding Japanese housing a) Shoes - In Japanese housing, there is an area for removing shoes before stepping up into the main entrance. Japanese people sit on the floor and sleep on a futon on the tatami, the Japanese traditional floor mats, so stepping on them with shoes on is not allowed. If you enter a room wearing shoes and dirt the mats, you might have to pay repair costs. b) Bathroom - In Japan bathing is not only washing the body but also a chance to relax while soaking in the bathtub. Recently bathrooms consisting of a Western-style bath with toilet have become popular, but the Japanese traditional bathroom is separate from the toilet and has a space to wash the body outside the bathtub. Bathtubs are mainly made of plastic or stainless steel. If you live with a Japanese family, you must keep the water in the bathtub as clean as possible because the rest of the family will take turns to use the water after you. Do not use soap in a Japanese-style bathtub. The water is heated mainly by gas. c) Tatami mats - Tatami mats are a traditional floor covering of straw sewn to make a mat about 5.5 cm thick and bound by woven rush. One tatami mat (jo) is also the unit used to indicate the size of a room. New tatami is green and the tatami mats are changed every few years or whenever moving house. d) Futon (thick bedquilt), bed and oshiire (closet) - In a Japanese house, generally the futon is rolled out every night and folded away in the oshiire every morning. During the daytime, the futon is kept inside the oshiire. In this way, a single room can be used for various purposes. If a bed is placed on the tatami mats, they are dented and damaged, so it is recommended to put boards under the legs of the bed. e) City gas and propane gas - Electricity or gas is provided for the stove and bath. There are two types of gas: city gas (coal gas), led to each household from gas company tanks, and propane gas, provided by dealers in the form of cylinders. City gas is managed by Tokyo Gas Co., Ltd. and propane gas is managed by individual dealers. Gas cookers etc. should be supplied by tenants. f) Water supply and drainage - Almost all areas of Kanagawa Prefecture have water supply facilities. You can drink the tap water. In most cases there is a drainage or a water purification tank. The drainage system is not suitable for a disposer. g) Toilet - The Japanese-style toilet has a cover (dome) at the front. When the toilet is shared with other tenants, separate toilet slippers should be used. h) Air conditioning / heating - Some housing has air conditioning/heating but in most cases, tenants have to buy their own. Fuel for heating includes electricity, gas, and kerosene. Sometimes the use of kerosene is prohibited. I) Fusuma and shoji - These are unique Japanese sliding doors to separate rooms. Fusuma is a wooden frame with fusuma paper pasted on both sides. Shoji is a latticed wooden frame with shoji paper windows. It is possible to make a room bigger by removing fusuma to connect the rooms. Fusuma pasting should be done by a specialist but when shoji paper is torn, you can buy shoji paper and repair it yourself. 4. Common problems and how to troubleshoot a) Remove footwear - Do not enter a house with shoes on. Be sure to remove shoes at the entrance. b) Deposit -Most of the problems related to renting involve the deposit. In Japan when you rent a house, you have to pay a deposit to the house owner. This deposit is given to the house owner and returned without any interest when the lease is cancelled. However, repair costs are deducted, so the deposit is usually not returned in full. As the specific agreement of the rent is contained in the rental housing contract, please check the contract thoroughly and dont break it. As for the other expenses when making a contract, please refer to page 39. c) Number of residents - The number of residents is confirmed when the contract is made. Additional residents are not allowed. d) Noise - Do not make loud noises late at night. In apartments, the sound echoes more than you think. As the sound of running a large amount of water also bothers neighbors, try not to run a bath or do washing late at night. e) Pets - There are almost no apartments allowing pets other than small birds and goldfish. If you do find one where you can keep pets, please follow the rules. f) Kitchen - If you cook with a large amount of oil, clean the area soon after by wiping the sink and cooking area. The ventilation fan should also be cleaned regularly. g) Putting out the garbage - Garbage is collected by the municipal government. The collection point, date, and method are determined in each area. There are areas where flammable garbage and nonflammable garbage should be separated. As for large garbage items, there are areas where the collection date is already determined, or you can sometimes arrange to have them picked up. Please consult your neighbors or the municipal government. h) Long-term absence - When you are not at home for a long time, you should notify the house owner. Rent must be paid even when you are away. i) Remodeling of the room - If you want to remodel a room, such as by putting a nail into a pole or attaching a hook to the wall for holding clothes, you should first consult owner. It is assumed that you will leave the room in the condition it was in when you rented it. If you remodel the room and it cannot be returned to its original state, your deposit will not be returned, or additional payments may be required.
How To Start Your House Flipping Business Step By Step : Want to start flipping houses but just dont know where to start? Do you need to set up a business? What type? What type of house flipping should you start with? What if you dont have much money? There are a million questions that can be asked. Theres so much information out there and its hard to know which is the right way to go and who to trust. Im going to cut through all of the confusion and show you how to get started in a step-by-step way. This is based on my experience and is my recommended path to getting the ball rolling. Step 1: Know Where You Want To Go We shouldnt just jump in our car and speed away without knowing where we are going. Thats crazy and a complete waste of time and money. Weve got to figure out our destination first. In my opinion, this is the single most important step in this process. You have to know your destination. It needs to be very clear and definite in your mind. An end goal of getting rich is too general and not definite enough to allow you to envision where you want to be. We need to figure out exactly what we want and how we want our lives to be so that we have a clear vision of what it is we are trying to achieve. Would you like to be able to take your family on vacations whenever you want and for as long as you want? Do you want to be able to earn profits instead of wages so that you can do this full-time and be in control of what you are doing and when? Do you want to be able to achieve all that you feel you are meant to achieve without waiting for someone to give you the opportunity? In order to do these things, we have to lay them out as specific goals. You can take getting rich and ask the right questions to figure out what you really want and why you want to flip houses. We could ask WHY we want to be rich. What would being rich do for us? What kind of things would you do if you were rich? What would your average day be like if you were rich? Answer these questions and write down your answers. Something about writing things down helps you to fully realize and remember your answers. Better yet, start a vision board. Figure out what your true dreams are and try to make them as specific and clear as possible. Try to have concrete goals that you can work towards. Narrow your focus. Step 2: Get Educated (dont overdo it) Now that we know our destination, we still shouldnt just jump in that car and peel out into the distance. That might be funny, but it would not be funny for very long. Especially when you find yourself lost and frustrated. We need to get educated so that we know the best way to get to our destination. We need to study the roads and figure out not only the shortest path, but the path with the least amount of traffic jams. The traffic jams in house flipping are the things that slow us down and make it more difficult for us to get to where we want to be. This can be things like having a ton of over-leveraged rental properties with non-paying tenants that are trashing the place and causing you to bleed money at a staggering pace. Youve probably already started your house flipping education. Well, I know you have because you are here reading this. At least you are in the right place! Thats a great start. That shows me you already know what you are doing so far. What do you need to learn and where can you learn it? In order to figure out what you need to learn, we need to figure out which house flipping strategy to focus on. Focus Your Energy On One Strategy There are a lot of strategies out there. Ive seen some really crazy and down right dangerous ones. Most typically just sound great and look good on paper but are super risky in reality. When you add the human factor to a lot of these strategies (tenants that dont pay and completely trash your house, unscrupulous investors and sellers, unforeseen costs and repairs, lawsuits, and list goes on and on), they are just not a good way to go. You have to get back to the basics. To the tried and true things that have been working for a long time for a lot of investors. My Recommended Starting Strategies (and I still use them myself) Starting with birddogging and wholesaling is the easiest way to get into flipping houses without much risk and with little to no money. These are the strategies that I feel you should focus on. I call these the strategies with the lowest entry costs in terms of time, money and experience. Give yourself a better chance of really making it by laser focusing on these two methods. Heck, just focus on one if you want. The great thing is that both of these can be learned quickly and interchanged for each deal as you see fit. Birddogging A birddog is someone that finds leads and gives these leads to an experienced investor to work. Heres how to do it: 1. You drive around and find vacant houses and send letters to the owners of the vacant houses. One of the owners calls you and tells you they are interested in selling the house. 2. You then tell another investor that has the ability to act quickly about the lead and he/she sets an appointment to see the house and makes an offer to the owner. 3. If they come to an agreement and the investor ends up buying the house, he/she will pay you a finders fee. This fee can be as much as $2,000 or more. I typically ask for $1,000 to $2,000 depending on how much potential I feel the deal has. I think most investors probably pay closer to $500 each if the leads are screened as well as I screen mine. What I mean by screening is just that I make sure the potential for a deal is really there. That the sellers have enough equity in the home and there are signs of motivation to sell. Some investors will pay small fees just for the lead (just giving the lead, whether they buy the house or not). Dont expect very much if this is the case (probably between $25-$50). Wholesaling Wholesaling is where you actually contract to buy a house and sell it as-is to another investor. There are several ways to wholesale, but in the spirit of having you narrow your focus, Im going to be discussing the assignment of contract alone. This is the strategy that involves the least risk and very little money. This is where you never take ownership of the house. Heres how to do it: So, if you find a deal where the house should sell for $100,000 and it needs $10,000 in repairs, you would want to buy it for $60,000 LESS THE AMOUNT YOU WANT TO CHARGE FOR THE ASSIGNMENT. If you want to be paid $5,000 for the assignment, simply buy it for $55,000 and offer it to an investor buyer for $60,000. Estimating repairs can be difficult in the beginning. At first, I sure was clueless when it came to what repairs cost. The best thing you can do is find a contractor (preferably one that has worked for house flippers) that can help you with the basic costs of normal repairs. Just sit down and make a list of normal repairs and what they typically cost. Some of the items can be priced based on square foot or linear feet. Market for leads (youll find out more about this further down in this article). Start taking calls and analyzing the leads. Most investor buyers are looking to purchase investment property at 70% of market value minus the cost to repair the property.The key with estimating repairs is that you will never get it the cost correct to the dollar. You are just trying to get a good estimate. Be conservative in your estimate. When you find what seems to be a deal that could work based on your analysis, you make the offer. If the seller accepts, you will sign a purchase and sale agreement (contract) with the seller that spells out the terms of the agreement. Most people use their own state approved contract for real estate transactions. I actually prefer a single page contract of my own that is straight and to the point. Most of the state contracts are full of CYA stuff for Realtors and tend to be 9 pages or longer. Talk about taking forever to get the contract signed! I dont enjoy explaining TIDE WATERS and other gobbledy-gook to sellers for several hours. Its important to make sure that your contract has and/or Assigns after the buyer name so that you can assign the contract. For the buyer name, you will use your name unless youve set up a DBA or company (read more about that below). In the beginning, its best to have an escape clause. This is where you have a statement in the contract that allows you to back out if you are unable to find a buyer for it. The clause should be simple and could be something like, This agreement is subject to further inspection of the property by the buyer. If the contract you are using has a section for a termination option, you can use that. This is typically used by buyers to pay a certain amount to be able to terminate the deal if they are not happy with the inspection or other aspect of the deal within an agreed upon amount of time. Once you have the house contracted, you take it to a title company and have it receipted. This is where you pay the earnest money you agreed to with the seller (I typically only pay $10 or $25 for earnest money. Its not a big deal unless you make it seem like a big deal (remember that). Contact your buyers and let them know about the deal. You will end up finding out who the serious buyers are by doing this. You really only want to work with buyers that take action quickly and let you know whether they want the deal or not. Dont waste your time with people that ask a million questions, like whether the bathroom toilet needs to be replaced. You are selling at a deep discount so those matters are irrelevant. Dont waste your time with these people.After a while you will develop a short list of go-to people that you can call and tell about the property. Its best to try and give them 12-24 hours each to see if they want the deal (one at a time of course). If they know there will be a lot of competition, they may not want to waste their time. If they know they have first dibs, they will be more than willing to check it out. Once youve found your ready, willing and able buyer (must be able to close by the date you specified in your contract with the seller), you will sign an assignment of contract form with them. This is just a single page contract (you can download a copy of mine here: Flipping Houses Resources Page. This assignment contract will then be taken to the same title company where you receipted the purchase contract. You could get a non-refundable deposit from the buyer to help ensure that they are serious. Good buyers will not hesitate to do this if it is a good deal. Non-refundable deposits can be as much as you want, but are typically $1,000-$2,000. When the deal closes, the title company will cut you a check for your assignment fee. Congratulations! Youve just made several thousand dollars without even owning the house. There is an alternative way to do this. This involves finding investor buyers and figuring out what types of deals they want and marketing and directing your efforts to find those types of deals. This way you can find exactly what they want so that you already have a ready and willing buyer. These investors might also help you analyze each deal so that you are buying at a price that makes sense for them (and of course you get the house for a little cheaper so as to cover your assignment fee! You do want to make some money for your efforts, dont you?) Theres no wrong or right way to go about it. Its really up to you as to which one fits better for you. You can try one method and then switch to the other or work at doing both at the same time. Your choice. This doesnt cover every possibility, but its a great introduction and good starting point for you to know what you need to learn about the process. Stay focused my friend. What if you stand to make a HUGE assignment fee? Good for you. If your end buyer doesnt like it, find another buyer. You are the one with the deal. If its a problem for them that you stand to make a lot of money for simply assigning the deal, tell them tough cookies. Thats the way its going to be. Simple as that. Why I Dont Recommend Rentals and Rehabbing - IN THE BEGINNING Rentals Some people want to start out by picking up rentals. The reason why I dont recommend that is because you should really have a certain level of cash reserves in case your places get trashed and go vacant, or tenants just stop paying and you have to spend a lot of time and money just getting them out. Rentals dont generate the kind of quick cash that wholesaling and birddogging can. Rehabbing Rehabbing is another one that I feel is better to start after gaining experience in wholesaling. This way you get a lot of experience in determining what the right prices are to buy the properties and in determining the repair costs, holding costs, selling costs and any other costs involved when rehabbing houses. Theres a lot more risk when rehabbing. If you start by wholesaling you might even end up developing a relationship with a local rehabber that can then help you to make the transition to rehabbing. Stay Focused Dont keep buying course after course trying to find that new secret way to do this easily. It doesnt exist and you are just putting off getting out of your comfort zone. Focus on one strategy, learn as much as you can about it and start taking action to gain experience and make a real go at it. Doing this will separate you from 95-99% of other people. Where To Learn Here, of course, is the best place. Im only slightly biased. But, you should also spend some time on the incredible forums over at Bigger Pockets and REIClub. These are great places to really fill in a lot of the gaps. I wanted to talk about figuring out where to start first, because when you spend time on the forums you will tend to get pulled in a lot of directions. You have to go in with a specific question to get answered. Search for answers to your specific questions and TRY NOT TO GET SIDE-TRACKED. People tend to get side-tracked easily because its easier (MORE COMFORTABLE) to just keep learning other things than to actually TAKE ACTION. Dont fall into that trap. Stay focused. Incidentally, the NUMBER ONE place to learn is on the streets. You will learn more hands down by taking action and finding out what you need to know. You dont have to know everything about a topic to get started. You should educate yourself on the basics and GET STARTED. Taking action will put you out of your comfort zone. It will be uncomfortable, but only in the beginning. Step 3: Start Marketing Youve got to find deals and you need to find buyers to buy those deals. Im a firm believer that it is much easier to find awesome deals by targeting motivated sellers. You arent looking for the right houses as much as you are really looking for the right sellers. A lot of new people think the only way to start is to find a real estate agent and have them find listed deals for them. Theres simply too much competition and the deals tend to be too slim. Its possible to work it this way, but why when it is much easier dealing directly with motivated homeowners. Marketing For Buyers It would benefit you to start immediately looking for cash investors. These are the people that you will try to sell your leads and/or deals to. Typically, rehabbers (people that fix up the houses and sell them) and landlords are going to be the people you want to find. These are the ones that are always looking for fixer upper houses, the kind you will be finding. Other wholesalers can also be great people to network with. If you are having trouble moving one of your deals, you can see if theyve got a buyer that would be interested. You would work out a split of the profits with the wholesaler if they do find a buyer for your deal. Here are some excellent places and ways to find buyers: • Local Real Estate Investor Association (REIA) meetings • Calling we buy houses advertisers (call numbers on bandit signs, yellow pages, online, etc) • Marketing your deals - you do want to market your wholesale deals (bandit signs, newspaper ads, craigslist ads, etc) • Have a Realtor look up investment properties that were sold recently and find who bought them • Calling For Rent signs • Driving neighborhoods where you want to invest and looking for houses being rehabbed Marketing For Sellers To find deals, I recommend marketing directly to motivated sellers. This is the We Buy Houses type of advertising. You are trying to find people that have a house they need to sell. This does not just mean people facing foreclosure, which is what most people immediately think of when talking about motivated sellers. There are a lot of other reasons that people will sell their house at deep discounts. These reasons could include (and are certainly not limited to): • House needs a lot of repairs the owner cannot afford to make • Person inherits a house and would rather have cash • Landlord is sick and tired of dealing with their rental property • Owner needs to relocate and sell their house fast • Divorce situation where the single owner cannot afford the house • Owner just doesnt want the hassle of selling their house the conventional way I could list the techniques on how to do this marketing, but a much better way would be to show you what I do and how I do it. And, in case you didnt already know, Ive blogged about 34 weeks of all the marketing I did and the leads that came in. Be sure to check out the first and second weeks on my blog where I show my marketing. Step 4: Start Building Your Team As you start to find and work deals, you will find it necessary to have good people on your team. These are not employees. Rather, they are people like a great closer (title company), real estate attorney, contractor (to help determine repair costs), accountant (hopefully you will need this as it means you are making money!), and a real estate agent (some are worth their weight in gold). Step 5: Set Up Your Company Heres a question that comes up a lot. People tend to get themselves stuck on these kinds of questions (including myself, in the beginning) and I think it is because it really is just another excuse to not get started. NOTE: I am not an attorney, nor am I an accountant, and I dont play one on the internet. Im not giving legal or financial advice so take these suggestions for what theyre worth. When you are starting out, there is no problem with just using your name. As long as you are conducting business in an ethical manner, there really is nothing to worry about. DBA or LLC? My suggestion is to wait until youve done a deal or two and then set up an LLC. If you want to check into which entity would be best for tax purposes, contact a competent accountant/tax person (try to get a referral from a successful investor if you can). For asset protection, contact a good real estate attorney. In the beginning, I did business with an assumed name (DBA - Doing Business As) because we were actually closing on the houses and I didnt want my name on record. When birddogging and assigning contracts, you dont take ownership at all, so this isnt an issue. Step 6: Get A Business Bank Account If you do set up a company or DBA, you should set up a business bank account. Remember, this is a business bank account and should never be used for anything other than your business. You dont want to end up with problems because you werent running your business like a business. The protections that a business provides can be eliminated if you do not run it like a business. So dont be spending money from your business account on something that is for personal use. You should consider whether you want to start one with a large national bank or a small local bank. Theyre definitely not the same. Ill discuss some of the benefits and negatives of each. Large National Bank Large national banks can be more convenient. They tend to have more options in the way of online banking and apps. The negatives that really, really grind my gears is that everything is done by their rules. What I mean is that when you try to call to find out one simple thing, you end up in a crazy labyrinth of a menu system... only to end up being hung up on just when you think you reached the right person. Another issue is that you cant typically go in and talk directly with a decision maker when it comes to a loan. Small Local Bank Small local banks are not as convenient when it comes to having branches all over the country (obviously) and online banking and apps that do as much as the large ones (though this seems to be changing quickly). The biggest benefit to the small banks is the ability to build relationships and the ease with which customer service is handled. Those are enough for me. We still bank with a large, national bank, but that will probably be changing soon. I cant even deal with them anymore. Anytime there is a problem, Melissa (my wife) has to handle it. And I thank her very much for that. Step 7: Grow Your Business When you start making money, be sure to reinvest it back into your business. OK, you should use a small part of it to celebrate your success. But the rest needs to go back into marketing and building your company. The first years are the most difficult and you have to do your best to build a strong company. Spending money on marketing can be hard at first. It sure becomes easier after youve made a couple grand with a simple birddog deal or several grand wholesaling a house. Dont be afraid to spend money on marketing. Make sure you are always planning your strategy and keeping an eye on your goals. Please be sure to figure out why you really want to do this. Step 1 above is the most important of all of these steps. Believe me. Rehabbing Rehabbing is where you close on a property, fix it up and sell it to an end buyer that is either going to live in it or rent it out. The logical progression for most people is to go from birddogging, to wholesaling, to rehabbing. With rehabbing you will need a source of money, insurance, contractors, patience, design sense, creativity, a desire to turn a dump into a beautiful home. Did I mention patience? Good.
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